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Chemical Sciences Paper II
11. Statistical Tharomodynamics : Thermodynamic probability and entropy; Maxwell – Boltzmann, Bose – Einstein and Fermi – Dirac statistics. Partition function; rotational translational, vibratioanl and electronic partition functions for diatomic molecules; calculations of thermodynamic functions and equilibrium constants. Theories of specific heat for solids.
12. Non-equilibrium Thermodynamics : Postulates and methodologies, linear laws, Gibbs equation, Onsager reciprocal theory.
13. Reaction Kinetics : Methods of determining rate laws. Mechanisms of photochemical, chain and oscillatory reactions. Collision theory of reaction rates; steric factor, treatment of unimolecular reactions. Theory of absolute reaction rates, comparison of results with Eyring and Arrhenius equations, ionic reactions; salt effect. Homogeneous catalysis and Michaelis – Menten kinetics; heteroge – neous catalysis.
14. Fast Reaction : Luminescence and Energy transfer processes. Study of kinetics by stopped flow technique, relazation method, flash photolysis and magnetic resonance method.
15. Macromolecules : Number – average and weight average molecular weights ; determination of molecular weights. Kinetics of polymerization. Stereochemistry and mechanism of polymerization.
16. Solids : Dislocation in solids, Schottky and Frenkel defects, Electrical properties; insulators and semiconductors; superconductors, band theory of solids, Solid-state reactions.
17. Nuclear Chemistry : Radioactive decay and equilibrium. Nuclear reactions ; Q value, cross sections, types of reactions, Chemical effects of nuclear transformations; fission and fusion, fission products and fission yields. Radioactive technique; tracer technique, neutron activation analysis, counting techniques such as G. M. ionization and proportional counter.
18. Chemistry of Non-transition Elements : General discussion on the properties of the non-transition elements; special features of individual elements; synthesis, properties and structure of their halides and oxides, polymorphyism of carbon, phosphorus and sulphur. Synthesis, properties and structure of boranes, carboranes, borazines, silicates carbides, silicones, phosphazenes, sulphur-nitrogen compounds; peroxo compounds of boron, carbon and sulphur; oxy acids of nitrogen, phosphours, sulphur and halogens, interhalogens pseudohalides and noble gas compounds.
19. Chemistry of Transition Elements : Coordination chemistry of transition metal ions ; Stability constants of complexes and their determination; stabilization of unusual oxidation states. Stereochemistry of coordination compounds. Ligandfield theory, splitting of d-orbitals in low-symmetry environments. Jahn – Teller effect; interpretation of electronic spectra including charge transfer spectra ; spectrochemical series, nephelauxetic series Magnetism; Dia-, para-, ferro- and antiferromagnetism, quenching of orbital angular moment, spinorbit copling, inorganic reaction mechanisms; substitution reactions, trans effect and electron transfer reactions, photochemical reaction of chromium and ruthenium complexes. Fluxional molecules iso-and heteropolyacids ; metal clusters. Spin crossover in coordination compounds.
Chemical Sciences Part II cont.